English 245: Modern Fiction

a collaborative exploration of pervasive tropes, themes, and concepts in contemporary fiction



Thinking Outloud

So, after reading 10th of December and digesting it for a bit, and then reading over other blog posts, I started thinking about how much Saunders loves utilizing the imaginations of young characters.  He just can’t stop himself.  Throw in those little tangents about baby deer fantasies, saving the girl from “Nethers” fantasies, those little games you play in your head like Kyle’s “What If Right Now?” –even song lyrics that bounce around your brain when appropriate.

That, and Saunder’s apparent fascination with death (read the article about his plane incident in Nell’s Saunder’s post) at first seemed very contradictory.  From his writing, he seems to enjoy representing and exploring the imaginative zeal of youth, as well as all the messed up things in the world that have to do with death, and suicide, and what happens when you leave your body after 5 minutes of Darkenfloxx.  However, he doesn’t limit his very intimate narration stand points, of being in a character’s head to just the teens.  I wonder if by having these contrasting thought patterns and views of the world, and different sorts of fantasy (fighting monsters, vs giving daughter nice birthday with a french waiter) what he is trying to “get at” and explore, is the evolution of one kind of brain to the other?

What changes, what is lost, what stays the same, how similar goals and wants mature in more mature people.  I know he is a parent, so he already spends a lot of time figuring out how to relate his adult mind (which thinks about the possibilities of pancreatic cancer) to his child’s.  I think parenting in general is such a common theme in his stories because it’s something he’s dealing with and thinking about in his daily life. They say write what you know, but it seems to me is Saunder’s is writing what he WANTS to know, and using “honest” and “realistic” characters and emotions to get himself to the point of knowing.  The characters are a vehicle to get at the lessons he’s trying to understand himself and possibly teach his readers.  (Is that far out/deep enough for you, Nell?)


Locating the Contemporary in the Fiction

So, I’ll probably touch on this next Tuesday as well, but I want to reiterate that one of the things I’d like us to be doing with the literature we read for this class is to read with an eye for what makes each piece contemporary. I’ve been thinking of this as a kind of fluid and reciprocal relationship between literature and culture. I want us to locate the contemporary in the fiction – to figure out which pieces of the story are particular to our time and place – and also to locate the fiction in the (contemporary) culture – put each piece in context and ask what outside of itself, it may be working in response to. To look for clues to meaning within the text, but also outside of it, if that makes sense.

Maybe one way to think about this is to conceive of each text as a two-way mirror: it both reflects and constructs reality. What we see there tells us something about the world, but also something about ourselves: what does it say about me that I immediately find Callie in Saunders’ “Puppy” a tragically sympathetic character and Marie the one who I am impatient with? And then what does it mean that as I think more about each of them, I am more sympathetic to Marie, who, after all, is only trying to do what she thinks is best for her children and really, is smothering them in love the worst thing? And that upon rereading I find myself increasingly frustrated with Callie, who seems to know that – especially as it relates to her own well-being and her relationship with Jimmy – she should be doing more and yet she can’t/won’t? We are all, myself included, products of our time in one way or another, and analyzing my/our responses can help us build this collective understanding of what contemporary fiction is and does.

By way of an example, consider how prominently the relationships between parents and children are featuring in Saunders’ stories so far. From a broad, sociological perspective, it’s not hard to see why. As a society we think a lot more about children and how to raise them “right” than we used to and we also have a tendency to seek causes in our past to explain or excuse current behavior – “Oh, that’s because when I was a kid I was never allowed to have chocolate” or “I bet she was an only child” or “Dad’s always loved my brother more than me” or whatever. Little things, big things, you name it – finding an explanation makes us feel safe and comfortable. We like when things are explicable.

Which I think is one of the reasons why Saunders’ stories are so unsettling. They take these things that we’re comfortable living with, so comfortable that most of the time they’re invisible, we don’t think about them. The stories, each in their own way, take the familiar, comfortable aspects of our everyday lives on which we rely and twist them just enough to make us squirm. But looking closely at the causes of this discomfort is exactly what will lead us toward productive areas of discussion about the elements – good, bad, and indifferent – that shape our current culture and ourselves.

Think about this as you read “The Semplica Girl Diaries” for Tuesday. It’s tricky, I know, to negotiate the space between reading and understanding the story, analyzing the details for complexity and nuance, and also zooming out to consider how the story fits into our world Right Now, but I have faith in each and every one of you, and, as always, I’m looking forward to hearing what you have to say about it.

Illustration accompanying the original publication of “The Semplica Girl Diaries” in The New Yorker, October 2012

p.s. Here is the episode of Black Mirror that reminded me a little of “Escape from Spiderhead”. The description doesn’t do it justice, but the story revolves around the illusion of choice.

p.p.s. If you’re feeling a little lost in terms of grappling with some of these abstract ideas, this TedEd video might be helpful. Also, just keep asking questions. Pretend you’re a toddler: every time you react to the text in some way, ask yourself “why?” then keep going. ask why again and again. Trust your gut reaction, interrogate it, and always return to the text for evidence to back up your ideas. It’s different than reading for pleasure; it’s work, but that’s why we’re here.

Victory Lap: Repression = Rescue?

Hello everybody,

So I know in class we all kinda seemed to agree that in Victory Lap, Kyle was an over-controlled but good kid who knew the right thing to do and Alison was a bit of an airhead.  By that I mean she lived in a world in her head where things like this happened:


She’s a very passive and innocent character, while Kyle runs around like a lunatic hero.

However, I was thinking about Kyle and how he reacted the way he did and the emotional process we “see” him going through to get there.  The process here being that his logically thinking brain shut down and his feet flew him to Alison’s rescue.  We see his parents’ rules and voices being presented as things that are internally hindering him from “making the right call” or whatever you want to call it.  But what if it was that complete and utter repression of all his emotions and anger (thanks mom and dad), that led to such a proactive and violent outburst from him?

He wasn’t thinking or using his brain when he ran out to save Alison.  It was just a complete emotional and physical reaction, it was him snapping.  He almost snapped a little too far, as we’re led to believe by the fact that it was only Alison screaming at him that kept him from killing.  I wonder if his parents had been more relaxed he wouldn’t have responded like that at all, maybe he would have just called 911 and written down the license plate of the car.  What do you guys think?  This is supposed to be less of a “what if” question and more of a, “maybe this thing that kinda seemed like it was stopping him was actually what made him do it in the first place” kind of question.  Kyle’s Repression = Alison’s Rescue?

Create a free website or blog at

Up ↑